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A hamstring injury is a common injury among athletes. As soon as athletes start a sprint and the hamstring is torn or is being stretched, you can see that the back of the thigh is being grabbed. Below you can read what a hamstring injury and what to do about it.
With the hamstrings three muscles are indicated at the back in the upper leg. These muscles connect the ischial knuckle (tuber ischiadicum) with the lower leg. The main function components are the retraction of the leg (retroflexion) in the hip joint (art coxae) and bending (flexion) in the knee joint (art genus). The muscles that form the hamstrings have the names: 'm. semitendinosus ',' m. semimembranosus 'and' m. biceps femoris'.
There is talk of an acute hamstring injury when some or several fibers of a hamstrings muscle rupture. These cracks usually occur at the transition from muscle to tendon. Here the stiff muscle tissue goes over to strong tendon tissue and is therefore vulnerable. The muscle in which the injury most often occurs is the 'm. biceps femoris'.
A hamstring injury can occur when there is suddenly a big force on the hamstring. This can happen, for example, in sports when suddenly a sprint is started or is suddenly slowed down, but it can also occur in sports where jumping or kick-jerking takes place. During these moments there will be a lot of tension on the hamstring tendon, so the chance of tearing is greatest. The tear of the hamstring causes acute pain at the back of the upper leg, so that further exercise is no longer possible.
There are multiple symptoms of interest in hamstring injuries. These are listed below:
Recovery takes an average of six to eight weeks at partial rupture. At full rupture, when the muscle is completely torn off, surgery must be performed. The recovery can then take up to three months. It is strongly advised to have the operation performed within a week, because it does not cure as well afterwards.
ProBrace can advise you to keep the muscle warm and provide compression during daily activities or after a hamstring injury: