A hamstring injury is a common injury among athletes. As soon as athletes start a sprint and the hamstring tears or is stretched, it can be seen that they grab onto the back of the thigh and the athlete immediately lies down or continues limping. Below you can read what a hamstring injury contains and how to treat it.
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The hamstrings indicate three muscles in the back of the thigh. These muscles connect the buttock lump (sciatic tuber) to the lower leg. The main functional components are bringing the leg back (retroflexion) in the hip joint (art. Coxae) and bending (flexion) in the knee joint (art. Genus). The muscles that form the hamstrings have the names: 'm. semitendinosus ',' m. semimembranosus 'and' m. biceps femoris'.
There is talk of an acute hamstring injury when some or more fibers of a hamstring muscle tear. These cracks usually arise at the transition from muscle to tendon. Here, the stiff muscle tissue changes to firm tendon tissue and is therefore vulnerable. The muscle with the most frequent injury is the 'm. biceps femoris'.
A hamstring injury can occur when a great force is suddenly applied to the hamstring. This can happen, for example, in sports when you suddenly start for a sprint or when you suddenly slow down, but it can also happen in sports where you jump or kick. During these moments, a lot of tension is placed on the hamstring tendon, which is the greatest chance of tearing. The tear of the hamstring causes acute pain in the back of the thigh so that further exercise is no longer possible.
There are multiple symptoms of hamstring injuries. These are listed below:
Recovery takes an average of six to eight weeks with partial rupture. With a complete rupture, when the muscle is completely torn off, surgery is required. The recovery can then take up to three months. It is strongly recommended that the operation be performed within a week because it heals less well afterwards.
ProBrace can advise you to keep the muscle warm and compressed during daily activities or sports, after a hamstring injury: